GUIDELINES FOR CERTIFICATION OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL YOGA TEACHER
UNDER YOGA EDUCATION AND TRAINING.
The YCB Technical Committee approved the syllabus and guidelines for certification of Higher Secondary
School Yoga Teachers under Yoga Education and Training.
The certification of Higher Secondary School Yoga Teachers will be done by YCB approved PrCBs,
Leading Yoga Institutions, Yoga Institutions, Yoga Training & Therapy Centres and Yoga Training
Eligibility criteria, marks distribution and syllabus for Higher Secondary School Yoga Teacher is as
Name Certificate holder can function as Competencies
Shall act as Yoga teacher in Higher Secondary
School for preventive healthcare and
promotion of wellness in school kids (Class IX
Equivalent to not less than
400 hours of Yoga Training
- Name of the certification: Higher SecondarySchool Yoga Teacher
i. For admission in the course, the candidate should have passed graduation (any stream) or
equivalent degree from a recognized college/university/institute or equivalent. However, the Yoga
Institutions can define their own eligibility equivalent to graduation. (Open candidates should not
ii. Candidate must have experience of Yoga Teaching in any institution for at least 1500 hours after
obtaining Yoga education.
- Brief role description: Certified Yoga School teacher to teach Yoga for preventive health care of
school kids (Class IX – Class XII).
- Personal attributes: The job requires individuals to have good communication skills, time
management skills and ability to understand the body language of the students. Also the job requires
individuals to possess key qualities such as self-discipline, confidence, maturity, patience,
compassion, active listening, time management, empathetic, language proficiency.
- Credit points for certificate: 24 credits (where 1 credit = 16 hours of theory and practical combined).
- Duration of course: Not less than 400 hours or not less than 6 months as part time (i. e. 6 hours
weekly—could be ‗3 hours per day‘) or 3 months (6 hours a day in a 6-day week as full-time course.
- Minimum age: 21 years, however, there is no upper age limit to enroll for admission to this course.
- MarksDistribution: Total Marks: 200 (Theory: 60 + Practical: 140)
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- The candidate has to secure 70% marks in each of the theory and practical to qualify/pass the
assessment. However, maximum 5% grace marks may be given either for theory/practical paper but
overall qualifying percentage shall remain 70%.
- In case marks are in decimal figure, it should be rounded off to the next higher number.
- Number of questions to be equally divided in all units and sub units.
- Validity of the Certificate would be 5 years after certification.
Unit No. Unit name Marks
1 Introduction to Yoga and Yogic Practices 20
2 Yoga for Personality Development 20
3 Yoga and Value Education 20
S No. Practical Work Marks
A Teaching Skills 70
B Demonstration Skills 40
Level Total no.
Question Distribution Credits
200 marks 30% Theory
60 questions of 1 mark each
Practical for 140 marks
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C Knowledge and Attitude 20
D Practice teaching in typical class size group 10
Syllabus for Higher Secondary School Yoga Teacher
UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO YOGA AND YOGIC PRACTICES
1.1 Yoga: Meaning, definitions of Yoga from Bhagwad Gita with teenagers‘ perspective
1.2 Aim, objectives and misconceptions
1.3 Guiding principles to be followed by Yoga practitioners
1.4 Antahkarna Chatushtaya- chitta, manas,buddi, ahankara
1.5 Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga
1.6 Karma Yoga, Hatha Yoga
1.7 Concept of Panchamahabhuta
1.8 Impact of Sūrya Namaskāra on health systems
1.9 Concept of Asanas from Patanjali Yoga Sutra, Hatha Yoga Pradipika, Gheranda Samhita
1.10 Introduction to Meditation
UNIT 2: YOGA FOR PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
2.1 Yogic positive attitudes – Maitri, Karuņa, Muditā,Upekṣa and its application in interpersonal
relationship and community living
2.2 Concept of bhāvas – Dharma, Jñāna, Vairāgya, Aiśvarya and their relevance inholistic health
2.3 Karma Yoga in BhagwadGītā
2.4 Nature our teacher, role play
2.5 Biography of great people, saints, gurus
2.6 Śreyas and Preyas
2.7 Concept of Triguna
2.8 Introduction to SthūlaVyāyāma
2.9 Śodhanakriyā – Neti, Trāṭaka, Kapālabhāti
UNIT 3: YOGA AND VALUE EDUCATION
3.1 Anatomy of 8 regions and categories of asanas
3.2 Difference between Physical exercise and yogāsanas
3.3 Importance of breathing rhythmically in asanas practice
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3.5 Yogic practices which enhance body and mind coordination
3.6 Introduction to physical and mental hygeine
3.7 Introduction to health and hygiene of kaya vachamanasa
3.8 Introduction to Yoga Texts – Upanishads, Bhagwad Gita, Patanjali Yoga Sutra
3.9 Pañcakośaviveka in TaittirīyaUpaniṣad
3.10 Attitude bound asanas which enhance mind-body connection
A. TEACHING SKILL: Use of Music, Creative arts, Performing arts, Organizational activities with
repeated emphasis on awareness of the task at hand, awareness of body-mind connection.Observation and
measurement skills for evaluation. It also includes structure of class, learning process in psycho-physical and
affective domain needed.
4.1 Prayer: Concept and recitation of Praņava andhymns.
Pranavajapa is recitation on the sacred mantra Om, as outlined in the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, and
the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Focusing the mind on the sound of the mantra ―Aum‖ – the sacred syllable that
both symbolizes and embodies Brahman, the Absolute Reality – as the mantra is constantly repeated in
unison with the breath.
The Upanishads (both the major and minor) are full of references to Aum and meditation on Aum. Below is
a small sampling:
“He who utters Om with the intention ‗I shall attain Brahman‘ does verily attain Brahman.” – Taittiriya
“The Self is of the nature of the Syllable Om…Meditate on Om as the Self” – Mandukya Upanishad 1.8.12,
“God is the Syllable Om, out of Him proceeds the Supreme Knowledge.” – Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:17)
4.2 Yoga Cleansing Techniques
Knowledge and Practice of Jal Neti, Trāṭaka and Kapālabhāti.
4.3 Yogic SūkṣmaVyāyāma and SthūlaVyāyāma
4.3.1 Yogic SūkṣmaVyāyāma (Micro CirculationPractices)
22.214.171.124 Neck Movement: Griva Shakti Vikasaka (I, II, III, IV)
126.96.36.199 Shoulde rMovement: Bhuja Valli Shakti Vikasaka, PurnaBhuja Shakti Vikasaka
188.8.131.52 Trunk Movement: Kati Shakti Vikasaka (I, II, III, IV, V)
184.108.40.206 Knee Movement: Jangha Shakti Vikasaka (II-A&B) Janu Shakti Vikasaka
220.127.116.11 Ankle movement: Pada-mula shakti Vikasaka – A&B, Gulpha-pada-prishtha-pada-tala shakti
4.3.2 Yogic SthūlaVyāyāma (Macro CirculationPractices)
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18.104.22.168 HridGati (EngineDaud)
22.214.171.124 Rekha Gati
Eye ball movements
Animal walks – Frog hopping, Bear walk, Tiger walk, Crow walking, Pigeon walk, Elephant
Cycling –forward and backward
Pashchimottana – Halasana stretch
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Breathing with Awareness
4.6 Preparatory Breathing Practices
4.6.1 Sectional breathing (abdominal, thoracic andclavicular)
4.6.2 Yogic deepbreathing
4.7.1 Concept of Puraka and Rechaka
4.7.3 Sheetali pranayama
4.7.4 Bhramari pranayama
4.8 Understanding of Mudra
• Hasta Mudras (Akasha, Vayu, Tejas, Ap, Prithvi corresponding to Panchamahabhutas)
4.9 Recitation of important Vedic Mantras:
• Recitation of Pranava& Soham
• Recitation of selected hymns, invocations and prayers from Vedas & Upanishads*
• Body and breath awareness
- Invocations and prayers from Vedas & Upanishads:
Om sahanaavavatu; sahanaubhunaktu; sahaveeryamkaravaavahai; tejasvinaavadheetamastu; maa vidvishaavahai || ||Om! Shantih; shantih; shantih || (Katha, Kena, Kalisantarana Upanishads)
May he protect us both together (by revealing knowledge). May He protect us both! May we attain vigor together! Let
what we study be invigorating. May we not hate each other!
Om shannomitrah sham varunah | shannobhavatvaryamaa | shannaindrobrihaspatih; shanno Vishnururukramah; namobrahmanay | namaste vaayo; tvamevapratyakshambrahmaasi | tvamevapratyaksham brahma
vadishyaami | ritamvadishyaami | satyamvadishyaami | tanmaamavatu | tadvaktaaramavatu | avatumaam |
avatuvaktaaram || (Taittiriya Upanishad)
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May Mitra and Varuna be blissful to us; May Aryamaa (one of the Aadityas) be blissful to us; May Indra and
Brihaspati be blissful to us; May Vishnu of vast strides grant us happiness; O Vaayu‘ salutation unto you; Thou art
verily Brahman immediate; I shall call thee alone as immediate Brahman; I shall call you Ritaa or righteousness. I
shall call you Truth. May that Brahman protect the teacher! May it protect me! May it protect the teacher! Om, Peace
be; peace be, peace be.
Om poornamadahapoornamidampoornaatpoornamudachyute |
Poornasyapoornamaadaayapoornamevaavasishyate || || Om Shantih; shantih; shantih ||
That is whole, this is whole; from the whole, the whole becomes manifest. From the whole when the whole is negated,
what remains is again the whole.
Om bhadramkarnebhih srunuyaamadevaaha; bhadrampasyemaakshabhir-yajatraaah | sthirair-angaistushtuvaagamsas-tanoobhihvyasemadevahitamyadaayuh || swastinaindrovriddhasravaah;
swastinahapooshaviswavedaah | swastinastaarkshyoarishtanemih; swastinoebrihaspatir-dadhaatu | | || Om shantih,
shantih, shantih || (Isavasya, Svetaavataara, Brihadaaranyaka)
O ye Gods, may we hear with our ears (always) what is auspicious; O Worshipful Ones, may we with our eyes see
(always) what is auspicious. May we live the entire length of our allotted life hale and hearty, offering our praises
(unto Thee). May Indra, the ancient and famous, Sun (Pusan) the all knowing, the Lord of swift motion (Vaayu) who
saves us from all harms and Brihaspati who protects the spiritual wealth in us—bless us (with intellectual strength to
understand the scriptures and the heroic heart to follow the teachings). Om Peace be; peace be; peace be.
B. DEMONSTRATION SKILLS: Thecorrect technique to perform and confidence in demonstrating each
practice which is to be taught in group as well as individually.
C. KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE: Yogic games, Story-telling based on moral values drawn from
Upanishads, dramatics, mime acts based on Bhagvad Gita, Upanishads.